Round 4

Goin' Home (1923)

During his time in the United States, Dvorak initially planned to travel back to Vysoka in Bohemia for the first summer holiday. His assistant, the Czech-American Josef Kovarik, however, suggested that he might like to spend the vacation in his home town of Spillville in the state of Iowa. From the mid-19th century onwards, a large number of immigrants from Bohemia, especially from around Tabor and Ceske Budejovice, began to settle in this region in the hope of acquiring their own land and greater freedom across the Atlantic. Dvorak took to the idea of spending some time in the company of his fellow countrymen and so, in the spring of 1893, he called his four remaining children who had stayed behind in Europe to come and join him in New York and, after the end of the school year, on 3 June, the entire family, including Kovarik, set out on their long train journey into the American interior, travelling a distance of two thousand kilometres.

The village of Spillville was named after its founder Joseph Spielmann (who died four years before Dvorak’s arrival) and, at the time the composer stayed there, it had a population of about 350 predominantly Czech-speaking inhabitants. By 1860 the community boasted two public buildings which they had constructed themselves: a school and St Wenceslaus church.

The Dvoraks were accommodated in a building which was later to become the Bily Clock Museum; today it houses a permanent exhibition open to the public devoted to Dvorak’s stay in the community. The family had the whole first floor with six rooms at their disposal; Kovarik stayed at his parents’ house. The composer immediately fell in love with the place. He wrote back home to his friends in Bohemia:

You probably know that the children arrived safely in America. As soon as they got here, we left New York for Spillville for our summer holidays. It’s a Czech settlement. There are Czech church services and a school – so it seems as if we were in Vysoka.

That Spillville had become something of an “American Vysoka” for Dvorak is borne out by the fact that his daily routine here essentially copied the pattern he had adopted in Vysoka: he would get up early in the morning and go out for a walk in the countryside, he attended morning Mass in the local church and liked to play on the organ there. Dvorak later remembered:

I liked to be among these people and they all liked me as well, especially the elderly citizens, who were pleased when I played ‘O God, we bow before Thee’ or ‘A thousand times we greet Thee’ for them on the church organ.”

In the morning Dvorak would usually work on his compositions, after lunch he mostly spent time with his family (they also went on a number of excursions in the region and sometimes they were taken to more remote villages in a carriage driven by the priest, Tomas Bily, whom Dvorak was particularly fond of), and in the evening the composer would converse with the locals about the trials of their early life in America.

The summer holiday of 1893 spent far from the bustle of the big city was undoubtedly one of the happiest periods in the composer’s life. The tranquility that Dvorak felt, surrounded by people from home and, after long months of separation from his other children, by his entire family, was also reflected in his compositions. During his time in Spillville Dvorak wrote two sunlit works which now count among the most popular pieces of the international chamber repertoire: String Quartet No. 12 in F major with the subtitle “American”, and String Quintet No. 3 in E flat major. In both cases this is clearly music of Dvorak’s “American” period, moreover, inspired by his stay in Spillville: apart from the characteristic pentatonic flavour typical for his American oeuvre, the quartet also incorporates the song of the scarlet tanager which Dvorak would hear on his walks to Turkey River; in the fourth movement we might detect echoes of the organ from the local church. In the quintet we will hear the sound of the Native American drums that accompanied the ritual song of the Iroquois Indians who visited Spillville with their herbal remedies. Dvorak was enchanted by the performances they gave to promote their wares and, for the duration of their stay in the village, he apparently attended every one.

In the middle of August the Spillville idyll was disrupted by the arrival of a group of Chicago Czechs who had come to invite Dvorak to the event “Czech Day”, held as part of the World Fair in Chicago. Dvorak was asked to conduct a concert of his works which was being organised for the occasion. Although he initially didn’t want to leave Spillville, he finally agreed to take part. After returning from Chicago he barely had two weeks of holiday left. The family departed for New York on 16 September, leaving Spillville far behind.

Dvorak and Spillville from

Going Home or Goin' Home. It is based on Largo from The New World Symphony by Antonin Dvorak Arranged for concert band by Jari Villanueva. This arrangement was played in the movie Clear and Present Danger by the USAF Band. It has been used at presidential funerals for the departure ceremonies for Reagan, Ford and George HW Bush at Andrews Air Force Base and was used in 1998 for the dis-interment ceremony for the Vietnam Unknown at Arlington National Cemetery. It is still used today by military band at Arlington.

Program Notes from

Jari Villanueva retired from the United States Air Force where he spent 23 years with The United States Air Force Band in Washington DC. While in the band he served as a trumpeter, bugler, assistant drum major, staff arranger and music copyist. He is considered the country’s foremost expert on military bugle calls, particularly the call of Taps which is sounded at military funerals. While in the Air Force he was the Non-Commissioned Officer In Charge of The USAF Band’s State Funeral Plans and was the NCOIC of the command post at Andrews AFB which oversaw the arrival and departure ceremonies for the late Presidents Reagan and Ford. As a ceremonial trumpeter, Villanueva participated in well over 5,000 ceremonies at Arlington National Cemetery, served as an assistant drum major leading The USAF Ceremonial Brass in funerals at Arlington. He was responsible for all the music performed by the USAF Bands for state funerals. Between 1998-2002 Villanueva created a display at Arlington National Cemetery highlighting the history of the military bugler. He was responsible for moving the bugle used at President John F. Kennedy’s funeral from the Smithsonian to Arlington where it is currently on display. In 2007 Villanueva was inducted into the Buglers Hall of Fame, the first active duty military bugler to be so honored.

Jari has arranged music for brass ensembles, concert bands, and orchestras and has also worked as a music editor and music copyist, many times having to copy music overnight for a show or recording session. Now that’s a challenge! Many of his arrangements have been published by Musicians Publications, Music Express, and Ludwig Music. His musical arrangements and be found through many websites including JW Pepper and Art of Sound Music. Jari was mentored by the late Bill Holcombe who was one of america’s leading music arrangers.

From 2008-2017 Villanueva worked for the Maryland Military Department, serving as the Director of the Maryland National Guard Honor Guard (MDNGHG). The mission of the MDNGHG is to provide Military Funeral Honors to Armed Forces Veterans in Maryland and performs over 3,500 ceremonies each year. He was also conductor/commander of the Maryland Defense Force Band and retired at the rank of Major (MD) in the Maryland Military Department.

In 2011, Villanueva planned, coordinated and oversaw the funeral services for former Maryland Governor William Donald Schaefer. He also provided the military funeral honors for Paul J. Wiedorfer, the last living Maryland Medal of Honor recipient. Villanueva served on the committee to plan the 150th anniversary of the Pratt Street Riots in Baltimore marking the start of the Civil War and served on the planning committee for the 9-11 Memorial of Maryland at the Baltimore World Trade Center. In 2012, Villanueva was appointed by Governor Martin O’Malley to the Maryland Military Monuments Commission.

Villanueva’s military awards and decorations include the Meritorious Service Medal with one oak leaf cluster, Air Force Commendation Medal, Air Force Achievement Medal with three oak leaf clusters, Air Force Good Conduct Medal with six oak leaf clusters, National Defense Service Medal with one service star, Global War on Terrorism Service Medal, the State of Maryland Distinguished Service Cross, the State of Maryland Commendation Medal with one oak leaf cluster and the Maryland Defense Force Achievement Medal.

Villanueva is a graduate of the Baltimore Public School system and earned a Bachelor of Music Education degree in 1978 from the Peabody Conservatory of the Johns Hopkins University. In 1984 he received a Master of Music degree from Kent State University, Ohio. He is also a 2006 graduate of the Air Force Senior Non-Commissioned Officer Academy.

From 1998 to 2010, Villanueva was an adjunct professor in the Music Department at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, where he served as Director of Bands. A Civil War historian and re-enactor, Villanueva is Artistic Director of the National Association for Civil War Brass Music, Inc., where he directs and leads The Federal City Brass Band and the 26th North Carolina Regimental Band, recreated regimental bands of the Civil War era. He also sounds bugle calls at many re-enactments. In addition, he served as music director for the National Civil War Field Music School where students learn to play fife, drum and bugle.

Jari finished a year-long project called TAPS150, created to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the bugle call Taps in 2012.

He is a member of the American Legion Post 109 in Arbutus, Maryland, the Air Force Musicians Association, the Maryland Historical Society, the Maryland Military Historical Society, Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, and an associate member of the Society of the Honor Guard – Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. He is married to Heather Faust and resides in Catonsville, Maryland.

Biography from